Reading Corner
INDOOR PLANT PESTS

Fungus Gnats

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Fungus gnats or scarid flies are the most common indoor plant pest. They usually appear around your plants when the potting mix has been wet for too long, or when dead foliage hasn't been cut off. The flies themselves are inoffensive for your plants, if not very irritating for you. Adult flies lay their eggs in the top layer of the soil releasing larvae which can, in the long term, cause damage to the little tender roots on your plants.

Biological Control Nematodes is then used to attack the larvae living in the soil. Nematodes are effective, easy to use and chemical free 🌍 !

Please note that neem oil solution is not efficient enough to get rid of a big infestation and yellow sticky traps only kill adult flies.

Thrips

Thrips, which are not to be confused with aphids, are little insects that you can find on your plants. They are often called Thunder Bugs. They can be orange, yellow or black. They can attack a whole range of plants throughout the year. They are a common pest on Monstera Deliciosa. They suck te juices out of the leaves leaving you with a tired plant.

Your plant might look fine, but if it looks tired, hasn't poduce any new leaves for a while, or has brownish marks on the underleaves. You might have thrips. Thye aren't visible to the naked eye, so you really need to have a look using a zoom on your phone or a magnifying glass to spot them.

They get on your plant simply through an open window, through an infected plant you brought to your home or through some soil if you introduced new soil.

After spotting first signs of thrips, we suggest quarantaining the plant if you can, and showering it to get rid of most of the insects. We suggest using horticultural soap to thouroughly clean each leaves and start using Amblyseius Cucumeris beneficial mites to control thrips.

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Mealy Bugs

If you notice white sticky cottony substance on the leaves or aournd the axils oh the plant, you may have mealy bugs. There are little insects that resemble little maggots, they suck the juices out of the leaves, leaving you with a tired wilting plant.

If all houseplant pests, they might be hard to get rid of but with consistency, you can bring them under control. After spotting first signs of mealy bugs, you could use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol and touch each white cottony area to kill the insect.

We suggest using horticultural to clean any missed spots. Keep checking every couple of days for newly hatched insects.

You can also use Australian Ladybird "Cryptolaemus montrouzieri" to attak the mealy bugs.

Spider Mites

If you notice that the leaves of your plant are turning a mottled yellow-brown color, it may indicate that you have spider mites.  The mites, which belongs to the spider family will pierce the leaves and suck the juice out, discouloring the leaves and leaving you with a tired plant.

If you have big infestation, you might notice webbing and actually see the mites. We suggest bathing your plant and cleaning each leaves with horticultural soap to get rid of most of adult insects. They like to attack dry plants, so the lower the humidity is - the most likely they are to attack. Use a pebble tray to increase humidity or even put a transparent bag over your plant to act like a greenhouse, and increase to maximum humidity around the plant.

Scale Insects

If you notice that the leaves of your plant are turning a mottled yellow-brown color, it may indicate that you have spider mites.  The mites, which belongs to the spider family will pierce the leaves and suck the juice out, discouloring the leaves and leaving you with a tired plant.

If you have big infestation, you might notice webbing and actually see the mites. We suggest bathing your plant and cleaning each leaves with horticultural soap to get rid of most of adult insects. They like to attack dry plants, so the lower the humidity is - the most likely they are to attack. Use a pebble tray to increase humidity or even put a transparent bag over your plant to act like a greenhouse, and increase to maximum humidity around the plant.